Blackqube

Susan Rothenberg – Touching the Metaphysical and Contemplative

Since she rose to prominence in New York in the mid-seventies with her now iconic paintings of horses, Rothenberg has held a special place in her peers’ hearts and souls, referred to often as a ‘painter’s painter’. Throughout a career spanning five decades, her work has remained uncompromising and original, and often touched upon the metaphysical and contemplative.

Blue Frontal (1978) is a striking and majestic example of her horse paintings, which the art critic Peter Schjeldahl so vividly remembers seeing for the first time in 1975 at 112 Greene Street, an alternative artist-run exhibition space in Soho, New York. It was an exhibition, he felt, that altered the course of art history: ‘The great horses loomed, ranging in form from crude cartoonish-ness to hints of plausible equine anatomy. All seethed with emotion – the isotope that had gone missing from the mandarin styles of the day, in which carefulness had displaced suggestions of anything worth caring about. The works conveyed anger, exaltation, and self-abandoning intrepidity. They felt personal […].’[1]

The inimitable style and palette and unapologetic and muted figuration characterising these early works would endure throughout Rothenberg’s later output. Her career was also entwined with some of the most important and influential painting exhibitions of the time, such as ‘New Image Painting’ at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, in 1979, which posed a refreshing alternative to the abstraction and minimalist tendencies of the time, as well as ‘Zeitgeist’ at the Martin-Gropius-Bau in Berlin, in 1982, in which Rothenberg was the only female participant out of 45 artists. Such was the effect of these shows, against the tide of non-representational art of the times, that it helped reassert the motif and the emotive in the painting discourse.

In 1989, Rothenberg married artist Bruce Nauman and they moved together to a ranch in rural New Mexico the following year. The later paintings in the exhibition illustrate the assured, if not subtle, shifts in her practice that transpired in this new setting. Accident (1991–92) and Mouth to Ear (2001), with their eerie fields of muddied and layered whites, feature her archetypal and fantastical realm of limbs, severed heads, masks, and other bodily fragments both human and animal.

Indigo (2011–16) reveals Rothenberg as a colourist – her love of reds, dark blues, and all shades of white, and the way she would ‘dirty’ her colours, never using them pure out of a tube. Pack Rat Fall (2016–19), one of the very last works she completed, sees Rothenberg looking at her immediate surroundings, to the sincerity and honesty of nature. As Rothenberg put it, ‘I think artists almost always end up turning to what’s around them, what’s in their environment or outside their window.’

Susan Rothenberg (1945–2020) was born in Buffalo, New York, and received her BFA from Cornell University in 1967. Rothenberg had numerous solo exhibitions internationally in leading galleries and museums. Her is to found in important public and private collections, including the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY; the Hall Collection; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, CA; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY; Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX; Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY; National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY; Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig Wien, Vienna, Austria; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; and Tate, UK.

[1] Peter Schjeldahl, ‘Susan Rothenberg’s Asteroidal Impact on the New York Art World’, New Yorker Magazine, May 2020

All images: courtesy Thomas Dane Gallery, London.

Susan Rothenberg
Thomas Dane Gallery
London
Through 09 April 2022
https://www.thomasdanegallery.com/